root/fs/file_table.c

/* [previous][next][first][last][top][bottom][index][help] [+1 fs/file_table.c] */

DEFINITIONS

This source file includes following definitions.
  1. file_free_rcu
  2. file_free
  3. get_nr_files
  4. get_max_files
  5. proc_nr_files
  6. proc_nr_files
  7. get_empty_filp
  8. alloc_file
  9. __fput
  10. delayed_fput
  11. ____fput
  12. flush_delayed_fput
  13. fput
  14. __fput_sync
  15. put_filp
  16. files_init
  17. files_maxfiles_init

   1 /*
   2  *  linux/fs/file_table.c
   3  *
   4  *  Copyright (C) 1991, 1992  Linus Torvalds
   5  *  Copyright (C) 1997 David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu)
   6  */
   7 
   8 #include <linux/string.h>
   9 #include <linux/slab.h>
  10 #include <linux/file.h>
  11 #include <linux/fdtable.h>
  12 #include <linux/init.h>
  13 #include <linux/module.h>
  14 #include <linux/fs.h>
  15 #include <linux/security.h>
  16 #include <linux/eventpoll.h>
  17 #include <linux/rcupdate.h>
  18 #include <linux/mount.h>
  19 #include <linux/capability.h>
  20 #include <linux/cdev.h>
  21 #include <linux/fsnotify.h>
  22 #include <linux/sysctl.h>
  23 #include <linux/percpu_counter.h>
  24 #include <linux/percpu.h>
  25 #include <linux/hardirq.h>
  26 #include <linux/task_work.h>
  27 #include <linux/ima.h>
  28 #include <linux/swap.h>
  29 
  30 #include <linux/atomic.h>
  31 
  32 #include "internal.h"
  33 
  34 /* sysctl tunables... */
  35 struct files_stat_struct files_stat = {
  36         .max_files = NR_FILE
  37 };
  38 
  39 /* SLAB cache for file structures */
  40 static struct kmem_cache *filp_cachep __read_mostly;
  41 
  42 static struct percpu_counter nr_files __cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
  43 
  44 static void file_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *head)
     /* [previous][next][first][last][top][bottom][index][help] [+44 fs/file_table.c] */
  45 {
  46         struct file *f = container_of(head, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead);
  47 
  48         put_cred(f->f_cred);
  49         kmem_cache_free(filp_cachep, f);
  50 }
  51 
  52 static inline void file_free(struct file *f)
     /* [previous][next][first][last][top][bottom][index][help] [+52 fs/file_table.c] */
  53 {
  54         percpu_counter_dec(&nr_files);
  55         call_rcu(&f->f_u.fu_rcuhead, file_free_rcu);
  56 }
  57 
  58 /*
  59  * Return the total number of open files in the system
  60  */
  61 static long get_nr_files(void)
     /* [previous][next][first][last][top][bottom][index][help] [+61 fs/file_table.c] */
  62 {
  63         return percpu_counter_read_positive(&nr_files);
  64 }
  65 
  66 /*
  67  * Return the maximum number of open files in the system
  68  */
  69 unsigned long get_max_files(void)
     /* [previous][next][first][last][top][bottom][index][help] [+69 fs/file_table.c] */
  70 {
  71         return files_stat.max_files;
  72 }
  73 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_max_files);
  74 
  75 /*
  76  * Handle nr_files sysctl
  77  */
  78 #if defined(CONFIG_SYSCTL) && defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS)
  79 int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
     /* [previous][next][first][last][top][bottom][index][help] [+79 fs/file_table.c] */
  80                      void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
  81 {
  82         files_stat.nr_files = get_nr_files();
  83         return proc_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
  84 }
  85 #else
  86 int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
     /* [previous][next][first][last][top][bottom][index][help] [+86 fs/file_table.c] */
  87                      void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
  88 {
  89         return -ENOSYS;
  90 }
  91 #endif
  92 
  93 /* Find an unused file structure and return a pointer to it.
  94  * Returns an error pointer if some error happend e.g. we over file
  95  * structures limit, run out of memory or operation is not permitted.
  96  *
  97  * Be very careful using this.  You are responsible for
  98  * getting write access to any mount that you might assign
  99  * to this filp, if it is opened for write.  If this is not
 100  * done, you will imbalance int the mount's writer count
 101  * and a warning at __fput() time.
 102  */
 103 struct file *get_empty_filp(void)
     /* [previous][next][first][last][top][bottom][index][help] [+103 fs/file_table.c] */
 104 {
 105         const struct cred *cred = current_cred();
 106         static long old_max;
 107         struct file *f;
 108         int error;
 109 
 110         /*
 111          * Privileged users can go above max_files
 112          */
 113         if (get_nr_files() >= files_stat.max_files && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) {
 114                 /*
 115                  * percpu_counters are inaccurate.  Do an expensive check before
 116                  * we go and fail.
 117                  */
 118                 if (percpu_counter_sum_positive(&nr_files) >= files_stat.max_files)
 119                         goto over;
 120         }
 121 
 122         f = kmem_cache_zalloc(filp_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
 123         if (unlikely(!f))
 124                 return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 125 
 126         percpu_counter_inc(&nr_files);
 127         f->f_cred = get_cred(cred);
 128         error = security_file_alloc(f);
 129         if (unlikely(error)) {
 130                 file_free(f);
 131                 return ERR_PTR(error);
 132         }
 133 
 134         atomic_long_set(&f->f_count, 1);
 135         rwlock_init(&f->f_owner.lock);
 136         spin_lock_init(&f->f_lock);
 137         mutex_init(&f->f_pos_lock);
 138         eventpoll_init_file(f);
 139         /* f->f_version: 0 */
 140         return f;
 141 
 142 over:
 143         /* Ran out of filps - report that */
 144         if (get_nr_files() > old_max) {
 145                 pr_info("VFS: file-max limit %lu reached\n", get_max_files());
 146                 old_max = get_nr_files();
 147         }
 148         return ERR_PTR(-ENFILE);
 149 }
 150 
 151 /**
 152  * alloc_file - allocate and initialize a 'struct file'
 153  *
 154  * @path: the (dentry, vfsmount) pair for the new file
 155  * @mode: the mode with which the new file will be opened
 156  * @fop: the 'struct file_operations' for the new file
 157  */
 158 struct file *alloc_file(struct path *path, fmode_t mode,
     /* [previous][next][first][last][top][bottom][index][help] [+158 fs/file_table.c] */
 159                 const struct file_operations *fop)
 160 {
 161         struct file *file;
 162 
 163         file = get_empty_filp();
 164         if (IS_ERR(file))
 165                 return file;
 166 
 167         file->f_path = *path;
 168         file->f_inode = path->dentry->d_inode;
 169         file->f_mapping = path->dentry->d_inode->i_mapping;
 170         if ((mode & FMODE_READ) &&
 171              likely(fop->read || fop->read_iter))
 172                 mode |= FMODE_CAN_READ;
 173         if ((mode & FMODE_WRITE) &&
 174              likely(fop->write || fop->write_iter))
 175                 mode |= FMODE_CAN_WRITE;
 176         file->f_mode = mode;
 177         file->f_op = fop;
 178         if ((mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ)
 179                 i_readcount_inc(path->dentry->d_inode);
 180         return file;
 181 }
 182 EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_file);
 183 
 184 /* the real guts of fput() - releasing the last reference to file
 185  */
 186 static void __fput(struct file *file)
     /* [previous][next][first][last][top][bottom][index][help] [+186 fs/file_table.c] */
 187 {
 188         struct dentry *dentry = file->f_path.dentry;
 189         struct vfsmount *mnt = file->f_path.mnt;
 190         struct inode *inode = file->f_inode;
 191 
 192         might_sleep();
 193 
 194         fsnotify_close(file);
 195         /*
 196          * The function eventpoll_release() should be the first called
 197          * in the file cleanup chain.
 198          */
 199         eventpoll_release(file);
 200         locks_remove_file(file);
 201 
 202         if (unlikely(file->f_flags & FASYNC)) {
 203                 if (file->f_op->fasync)
 204                         file->f_op->fasync(-1, file, 0);
 205         }
 206         ima_file_free(file);
 207         if (file->f_op->release)
 208                 file->f_op->release(inode, file);
 209         security_file_free(file);
 210         if (unlikely(S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) && inode->i_cdev != NULL &&
 211                      !(file->f_mode & FMODE_PATH))) {
 212                 cdev_put(inode->i_cdev);
 213         }
 214         fops_put(file->f_op);
 215         put_pid(file->f_owner.pid);
 216         if ((file->f_mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ)
 217                 i_readcount_dec(inode);
 218         if (file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITER) {
 219                 put_write_access(inode);
 220                 __mnt_drop_write(mnt);
 221         }
 222         file->f_path.dentry = NULL;
 223         file->f_path.mnt = NULL;
 224         file->f_inode = NULL;
 225         file_free(file);
 226         dput(dentry);
 227         mntput(mnt);
 228 }
 229 
 230 static LLIST_HEAD(delayed_fput_list);
 231 static void delayed_fput(struct work_struct *unused)
     /* [previous][next][first][last][top][bottom][index][help] [+231 fs/file_table.c] */
 232 {
 233         struct llist_node *node = llist_del_all(&delayed_fput_list);
 234         struct llist_node *next;
 235 
 236         for (; node; node = next) {
 237                 next = llist_next(node);
 238                 __fput(llist_entry(node, struct file, f_u.fu_llist));
 239         }
 240 }
 241 
 242 static void ____fput(struct callback_head *work)
     /* [previous][next][first][last][top][bottom][index][help] [+242 fs/file_table.c] */
 243 {
 244         __fput(container_of(work, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead));
 245 }
 246 
 247 /*
 248  * If kernel thread really needs to have the final fput() it has done
 249  * to complete, call this.  The only user right now is the boot - we
 250  * *do* need to make sure our writes to binaries on initramfs has
 251  * not left us with opened struct file waiting for __fput() - execve()
 252  * won't work without that.  Please, don't add more callers without
 253  * very good reasons; in particular, never call that with locks
 254  * held and never call that from a thread that might need to do
 255  * some work on any kind of umount.
 256  */
 257 void flush_delayed_fput(void)
     /* [previous][next][first][last][top][bottom][index][help] [+257 fs/file_table.c] */
 258 {
 259         delayed_fput(NULL);
 260 }
 261 
 262 static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(delayed_fput_work, delayed_fput);
 263 
 264 void fput(struct file *file)
     /* [previous][next][first][last][top][bottom][index][help] [+264 fs/file_table.c] */
 265 {
 266         if (atomic_long_dec_and_test(&file->f_count)) {
 267                 struct task_struct *task = current;
 268 
 269                 if (likely(!in_interrupt() && !(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD))) {
 270                         init_task_work(&file->f_u.fu_rcuhead, ____fput);
 271                         if (!task_work_add(task, &file->f_u.fu_rcuhead, true))
 272                                 return;
 273                         /*
 274                          * After this task has run exit_task_work(),
 275                          * task_work_add() will fail.  Fall through to delayed
 276                          * fput to avoid leaking *file.
 277                          */
 278                 }
 279 
 280                 if (llist_add(&file->f_u.fu_llist, &delayed_fput_list))
 281                         schedule_delayed_work(&delayed_fput_work, 1);
 282         }
 283 }
 284 
 285 /*
 286  * synchronous analog of fput(); for kernel threads that might be needed
 287  * in some umount() (and thus can't use flush_delayed_fput() without
 288  * risking deadlocks), need to wait for completion of __fput() and know
 289  * for this specific struct file it won't involve anything that would
 290  * need them.  Use only if you really need it - at the very least,
 291  * don't blindly convert fput() by kernel thread to that.
 292  */
 293 void __fput_sync(struct file *file)
     /* [previous][next][first][last][top][bottom][index][help] [+293 fs/file_table.c] */
 294 {
 295         if (atomic_long_dec_and_test(&file->f_count)) {
 296                 struct task_struct *task = current;
 297                 BUG_ON(!(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD));
 298                 __fput(file);
 299         }
 300 }
 301 
 302 EXPORT_SYMBOL(fput);
 303 
 304 void put_filp(struct file *file)
     /* [previous][next][first][last][top][bottom][index][help] [+304 fs/file_table.c] */
 305 {
 306         if (atomic_long_dec_and_test(&file->f_count)) {
 307                 security_file_free(file);
 308                 file_free(file);
 309         }
 310 }
 311 
 312 void __init files_init(void)
     /* [previous][next][first][last][top][bottom][index][help] [+312 fs/file_table.c] */
 313 { 
 314         filp_cachep = kmem_cache_create("filp", sizeof(struct file), 0,
 315                         SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_PANIC, NULL);
 316         percpu_counter_init(&nr_files, 0, GFP_KERNEL);
 317 }
 318 
 319 /*
 320  * One file with associated inode and dcache is very roughly 1K. Per default
 321  * do not use more than 10% of our memory for files.
 322  */
 323 void __init files_maxfiles_init(void)
     /* [previous][next][first][last][top][bottom][index][help] [+323 fs/file_table.c] */
 324 {
 325         unsigned long n;
 326         unsigned long memreserve = (totalram_pages - nr_free_pages()) * 3/2;
 327 
 328         memreserve = min(memreserve, totalram_pages - 1);
 329         n = ((totalram_pages - memreserve) * (PAGE_SIZE / 1024)) / 10;
 330 
 331         files_stat.max_files = max_t(unsigned long, n, NR_FILE);
 332 } 

/* [previous][next][first][last][top][bottom][index][help] [+332 fs/file_table.c] */